2 Rails Quirks

I have two problems with my Rails code that seem like they should be
easy fixes but I can't figure it out. Anyone looking at the code below
will probably think it looks weird or redundant but it's the only way
I've gotten it to work. I'd rather do it right though. The first
problem is that I have to define the ID outside of the call to new. If
I define the ID in new, it never gets defined for whatever reason and
I get a not null constraint violation on productid. Why is it that I
have to define it outside of new to make it work? The second problem
is the call to save. My understanding of save is that it creates a new
record if no matching record exists, otherwise it updates the matching
record. Well, for some reason I keep getting:

Exception encountered: RuntimeError: ERROR C23505 Mduplicate key
violates unique constraint supplier_stock_pkey" Fnbtinsert.c
L255 R_bt_check_unique: INSERT INTO supplier_stock ("productid",
yesterday_stock", "current_stock") VALUES(525542, 0, -1)

Why is it not updating instead of trying to create a new record?
Thanks.

Working code:

    begin
      product = SupplierStock.new(
        :current_stock => s
      )
      product[:productid] = prodid
      product.save
      end
    rescue Exception => e
      SupplierStock.update(
        prodid,
        {:current_stock => s}
      )
    end

I have two problems with my Rails code that seem like they should be
easy fixes but I can't figure it out. Anyone looking at the code below
will probably think it looks weird or redundant but it's the only way
I've gotten it to work. I'd rather do it right though. The first
problem is that I have to define the ID outside of the call to new. If
I define the ID in new, it never gets defined for whatever reason and
I get a not null constraint violation on productid. Why is it that I
have to define it outside of new to make it work? The second problem
is the call to save. My understanding of save is that it creates a new
record if no matching record exists, otherwise it updates the matching
record. Well, for some reason I keep getting:

Exception encountered: RuntimeError: ERROR C23505 Mduplicate key
violates unique constraint supplier_stock_pkey" Fnbtinsert.c
L255 R_bt_check_unique: INSERT INTO supplier_stock ("productid",
yesterday_stock", "current_stock") VALUES(525542, 0, -1)

Why is it not updating instead of trying to create a new record?
Thanks.

Working code:

   begin
     product = SupplierStock.new(
       :current_stock => s
     )
     product[:productid] = prodid
     product.save
     end
   rescue Exception => e
     SupplierStock.update(
       prodid,
       {:current_stock => s}
     )
   end

How come the primary key for your table is "productid" and not just "id" ? Did you change that in your SupplierStock model? Assuming you did...

Why arey ou creating a *new* SupplierStock when you have a prodid instead of *finding* the record associated with that prodid?

Save will do the right thing, but not if you try and create a *new* record and then set the primary key to an existing record.

I think the code you want above should be closer to this:

product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
product.current_stock = s
product.save

-philip

How come the primary key for your table is "productid" and not just "id" ?
Did you change that in your SupplierStock model? Assuming you did...

Why arey ou creating a *new* SupplierStock when you have a prodid instead
of *finding* the record associated with that prodid?

Save will do the right thing, but not if you try and create a *new* record
and then set the primary key to an existing record.

I think the code you want above should be closer to this:

product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
product.current_stock = s
product.save

-philip

Great, thanks! That fixed the second problem... any ideas on the
first? I still get a not-null constraint violation on productid on the
create call below. And yes, the primary key is defined as productid in
the SupplierStock model.

New Code:

      product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
      if product
        product.current_stock = s
        product.save
      else
        SupplierStock.create(
          :id => prodid,
          :current_stock => s
        )
      end

Error occurs on the call to create:

CODE:

      product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
      if product
        product.current_stock = s
        product.save
      else
        product = SupplierStock.create(
          :id => prodid,
          :current_stock => s
        )
      end

ERROR:

Exception encountered: RuntimeError: ERROR C23502 Mnull value in
column "productid" violates not-null constraint FexecMain.c
L1782 ExecConstraints: INSERT INTO supplier_stock
("yesterday_stock", "current_stock") VALUES(0, 0)

SupplierStock Class:

class SupplierStock < ActiveRecord::Base

  def self.table_name()
    "supplier_stock"
  end

  def self.primary_key()
    "productid"
  end

end

Table Schema:

         Table "public.supplier_stock"
     Column | Type | Modifiers

SupplierStock.find_or_create_by_productid(prodid).update_attribute(:current_stock, s)

It will hit the database twice (select + update) or three times (select + insert + update) depending on whether the SupplierStock record exists or not, respectively, but if creation is relatively rare with respect to existence, it's probably not too bad.

-Rob

Rob Biedenharn http://agileconsultingllc.com
Rob@AgileConsultingLLC.com

Same problem with the dynamic find_by statement:

CODE:
product = SupplierStock.find_or_create_by_productid(prodid)

ERROR:
Exception encountered: RuntimeError: ERROR C23502 Mnull value in
column "productid" violates not-null constraint FexecMain.c
L1782 ExecConstraints: INSERT INTO supplier_stock
("yesterday_stock", "current_stock") VALUES(0, 0)

Could you post actual error message and the code that generates it? It
also couldn't hurt to post the relevant snippets from the
supplier_stock.rb and the migration.
--
Posted viahttp://www.ruby-forum.com/.

Error occurs on the call to create:

CODE:

      product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
      if product
        product.current_stock = s
        product.save
      else
        product = SupplierStock.create(
          :id => prodid,
          :current_stock => s
        )
      end

ERROR:

Exception encountered: RuntimeError: ERROR C23502 Mnull value in
column "productid" violates not-null constraint FexecMain.c
L1782 ExecConstraints: INSERT INTO supplier_stock
("yesterday_stock", "current_stock") VALUES(0, 0)

SupplierStock Class:

I think you need to let ActiveRecord know where you're departing from convention.

class SupplierStock < ActiveRecord::Base

   set_table_name "supplier_stock"
   set_primary_key "productid"

  def self.table_name()
    "supplier_stock"
  end

  def self.primary_key()
    "productid"
  end

end

Table Schema:

         Table "public.supplier_stock"
     Column | Type | Modifiers
-----------------+---------+--------------------
productid | integer | not null
current_stock | integer | not null default 0
yesterday_stock | integer | not null default 0
Indexes:
    "supplier_stock_pkey" primary key, btree (productid)
Foreign-key constraints:
    "$1" FOREIGN KEY (productid) REFERENCES
supplier_products(productid) ON DELETE CASCADE

You might also need to do the create step like:

unless prodid.nil?
   if product = SupplierStock.find_by_id(prodid)
     product.update_attribute(:current_stock, s)
   else
     product = SupplierStock.new do |ss|
       ss.id = prodid
       ss.current_stock = s
     end
     product.save
   end
end

I don't think you can specify the :id on a create, but you can alter the :id before the new record is saved. In your case, however, you seem to have prodid.nil? to start and that can't be what you expect.

-Rob

Rob Biedenharn http://agileconsultingllc.com
Rob@AgileConsultingLLC.com

>> Could you post actual error message and the code that generates
>> it? It
>> also couldn't hurt to post the relevant snippets from the
>> supplier_stock.rb and the migration.
>> --
>> Posted viahttp://www.ruby-forum.com/.

> Error occurs on the call to create:

> CODE:

> product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
> if product
> product.current_stock = s
> product.save
> else
> product = SupplierStock.create(
> :id => prodid,
> :current_stock => s
> )
> end

> ERROR:

> Exception encountered: RuntimeError: ERROR C23502 Mnull value in
> column "productid" violates not-null constraint FexecMain.c
> L1782 ExecConstraints: INSERT INTO supplier_stock
> ("yesterday_stock", "current_stock") VALUES(0, 0)

> SupplierStock Class:

I think you need to let ActiveRecord know where you're departing from
convention.

> class SupplierStock < ActiveRecord::Base

   set_table_name "supplier_stock"
   set_primary_key "productid"

> def self.table_name()
> "supplier_stock"
> end

> def self.primary_key()
> "productid"
> end

> end

> Table Schema:

> Table "public.supplier_stock"
> Column | Type | Modifiers
> -----------------+---------+--------------------
> productid | integer | not null
> current_stock | integer | not null default 0
> yesterday_stock | integer | not null default 0
> Indexes:
> "supplier_stock_pkey" primary key, btree (productid)
> Foreign-key constraints:
> "$1" FOREIGN KEY (productid) REFERENCES
> supplier_products(productid) ON DELETE CASCADE

You might also need to do the create step like:

unless prodid.nil?
   if product = SupplierStock.find_by_id(prodid)
     product.update_attribute(:current_stock, s)
   else
     product = SupplierStock.new do |ss|
       ss.id = prodid
       ss.current_stock = s
     end
     product.save
   end
end

I don't think you can specify the :id on a create, but you can alter
the :id before the new record is saved. In your case, however, you
seem to have prodid.nil? to start and that can't be what you expect.

-Rob

Rob Biedenharn http://agileconsultingllc.com
R...@AgileConsultingLLC.com

Thanks for your help Rob. Here's what I'm sticking with:

      if product = SupplierStock.find_by_productid(prodid)
        product.update_attribute(:current_stock, s)
      else
        product = SupplierStock.new { |ss|
          ss.id = prodid
          ss.current_stock = s
        }
        product.save
      end

Seems to work fine. But I still never learned why you can't specify
the id when you make a new ActiveRecord object. Here's a snipped from
my script/console with what I mean:

product = SupplierStock.new({:id => 600000, :current_stock => 3})

=> #<SupplierStock:0x6881cc8 @new_record=true,
@attributes={"yesterday_stock"=>0, "current_stock"=>3}>

### You can see that the ID is not included in @attributes above

product.id = 600000

=> 600000

product

=> #<SupplierStock:0x6881cc8 @new_record=true,
@attributes={"productid"=>600000, "yesterday_stock"=>0,
"current_stock"=>3}>

### But now that I specified it OUTSIDE the call to new, it is present.

Matt White wrote:

Seems to work fine. But I still never learned why you can't specify
the id when you make a new ActiveRecord object. Here's a snipped from
my script/console with what I mean:

product = SupplierStock.new({:id => 600000, :current_stock => 3})

=> #<SupplierStock:0x6881cc8 @new_record=true,
@attributes={"yesterday_stock"=>0, "current_stock"=>3}>

### You can see that the ID is not included in @attributes above

The id attribute, like other attr_protected attributes, is protected
from mass assignment by hash. You must assign it individually.

The id attribute, like other attr_protected attributes, is protected
from mass assignment by hash. You must assign it individually.

make product_id just a regular indexed field and not the primary key.
Then you can change all that nonsense above to:

product = SupplierStock.find_or_create_by_product_id(600000,
:current_stock => 3)

Unfortunately, I did not define the schema - just hired into it. They
have a whole platform built on this table so changing it isn't just a
trivial thing. But at least I understand what's going on now. Thanks!