Weird assignment problem, very confused :(

Hey, I have the following line in my controller:

User.create(:email => "fuuu@bar.com", :password =>
'asldfkjadsfadsf', :ip => request.remote_ip)

my IP is 127.0.0.1 - now User.find_by_ip('127.0.0.1') returns 0
records although User.first contains '127.0.0.1'

if I change it to:

User.create(:email => "fuuu@bar.com", :password =>
'asldfkjadsfadsf', :ip => '127.0.0.1')
the finder returns the record

The model is a devise model, ip is attr_accessible
Can anyone please help me getting out of this confusion? I don't
understand it

This is really weird, either a bug (it's 3.1 rc5) or I don't know:

1) DocType.create(:name => request.remote_ip)
  DocType.find_by_name('127.0.0.1')
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types" WHERE
"doc_types"."name" = '127.0.0.1' LIMIT 1
=> nil

DocType.create(:name => "127.0.0.1")
  DocType.find_by_name('127.0.0.1')
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types" WHERE
"doc_types"."name" = '127.0.0.1' LIMIT 1
=> #<DocType id: 3, name: "127.0.0.1", description: nil>

This is really weird, either a bug (it's 3.1 rc5) or I don't know:

1) DocType.create(:name => request.remote_ip)
DocType.find_by_name('127.0.0.1')
DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types" WHERE
"doc_types"."name" = '127.0.0.1' LIMIT 1
=> nil

So what's actually in the database in that case? Any unexpected
characters (new lines etc.) ?

Fred

What does `User.first.ip.inspect` return in the two cases?

how can I get more details about the encoding/chars in the dbconsole?

select name from doc_types;

127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1

inspect returns:

ruby-1.9.2-p180 :009 > DocType.all.map {|d| d.name.inspect}
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types"
=> ["\"127.0.0.1\"", "\"127.0.0.1\""]

and as above find only returns on of them (the one using
request.remote_ip

Quoting sol <ch.blank@gmail.com>:

This is really weird, either a bug (it's 3.1 rc5) or I don't know:

1) DocType.create(:name => request.remote_ip)
  DocType.find_by_name('127.0.0.1')
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types" WHERE
"doc_types"."name" = '127.0.0.1' LIMIT 1
=> nil

Dynamic typing is wonderful, until it isn't. My hypothesis is that remote_ip
is not a Fixnum or Bignum but a custom class that overrides to_s. To test the
hypothesis, I'd run the following in the console of writing to the log.

puts request.remote_ip.class
puts request.remote_ip
puts request.remote_ip.to_s
puts "#{request.remote_ip}"
puts request.remote_ip.inspect

DocType.create(:name => request.remote_ip)
DocType.last
DocType.create(:name => request.remote_ip.to_s)
DocType.last

Somewhere in this, I expect the truth will be revealed.

A IPv4 address is a 32 bit, unsigned number. It is usually
represented/rendered in dotted quad notation, but 0x7F000001 or 2130706433 are
equally valid representations of the local or loopback interface's IPv4
address.

HTH,
  Jeffrey

the output for the above lines is:

String
127.0.0.1 (.ip)
127.0.0.1 (.ip.to_s)
127.0.0.1 "#{d.ip}"
"127.0.0.1" ip.inspect

no idea what this could be else... the size is 9 in all examples

Christoph B. wrote in post #1019055:

Hey, I have the following line in my controller:

User.create(:email => "fuuu@bar.com", :password =>
'asldfkjadsfadsf', :ip => request.remote_ip)

now User.find_by_ip('127.0.0.1') returns 0
records

if I change it to:

User.create(:email => "fuuu@bar.com", :password =>
'asldfkjadsfadsf', :ip => '127.0.0.1')
the finder returns the record

That seems like definitive proof that:

request.remote_ip != '127.0.01'

In fact you could test that:

if request.remote_ip == '127.0.0.1
  puts 'yes'
else
  puts 'no'
end

inspect returns:

ruby-1.9.2-p180 :009 > DocType.all.map {|d| d.name.inspect}
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types"
=> ["\"127.0.0.1\"", "\"127.0.0.1\""]

The output shows that the string is actually "127.0.0.1"--not 127.0.0.1.
For example:

data = [
  %q{"127.0.0.1"},
  %q{127.0.0.1}
]

data.each do |str|
  p str
end

--output:--
"\"127.0.0.1\""
"127.0.0.1"

7stud -- wrote in post #1019114:

inspect returns:

ruby-1.9.2-p180 :009 > DocType.all.map {|d| d.name.inspect}
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types"
=> ["\"127.0.0.1\"", "\"127.0.0.1\""]

The output shows that the string is actually "127.0.0.1"--not 127.0.0.1.
For example:

I disagree, this output shows only that the `inspect` of the string is
(unquoted) "127.0.0.1", but the string itself is (unquoted) 127.0.0.1.
So this does not clarify the issue.

Alexey.

I am sorry, Christoph, but from your post it is not clear, how you
create a record with :ip => request.remote_ip

You probably cannot do this in console (request.remote_ip not defined),
so you'll have to test it all in controller.

Can you do it in 3 steps:
create two records in the database (with a string and with
request.remote_ip ),
see what is in the database,
verify that the records look identical, but find_by_ip returns only one?

This is what i would do.

Alexey.

I found out with sqlite's 'dump' why it does not work, here is the
full thing:

https://gist.github.com/9fa01f6d150c3be6bd04

it seems its in a different representation, now I am not sure if this
is a rails bug or what to do with it

This is strange, given that `request.remote_ip.class` returns String.
What if you use `request.remote_ip.to_s` instead of
`request.remote_ip` everywhere?

If this does not fix it, than it looks like a bug to me.

I also have an application where i store IP addresses, but i didn't try
yet to find by ip, and the IP returned by `request.remote_ip` looked
like a string to me.
I would be interested to understand what's the difference.

Christophe,
I have just tested my application: i use `request.remote_ip`, and
`find_by_ip('127.0.0.1')` works for me.
If you describe a minimal example how to reproduce your problem, i can
try to test it.

I use rails 3.1rc6 and ruby 1.9.2

Alexey.

Thanks a lot for the efforts!

The example should be in the gist I posted above, thats exactly what I
am doing
However, which database are you using? It is sqlite for me, and I
think it might be the sqlite driver

I also use sqlite in development, this is from my Gemfile:

  group :development do
    gem 'sqlite3'
  end

I found out with sqlite's 'dump' why it does not work, here is the
full thing:

https://gist.github.com/9fa01f6d150c3be6bd04

it seems its in a different representation, now I am not sure if this
is a rails bug or what to do with it

That byte sequence is in fact exactly the same as 127.0.0.1 (if you
encoding is ascii or anything that agrees with ascii for the lower 7
bits). For me this points at an encoding problem, but I'm not sure why
this would happen. You might try sticking some breakpoints in the
active record code to see what the difference is (or check if the ruby
encoding of the two strings you have differ)

Fred

I confirm that there is a problem.
This is with Rails 3.1.0rc8

$ rails new test_ip
$ cd test_ip
$ rails generate model MyModel ip:string description:string
$ rake db:migrate
$ rails generate controller Writer write_records

app/controllers/writer_controller.rb:

class WriterController < ApplicationController
  def write_records
    MyModel.create!(:ip => request.remote_ip, :description => 'request')
    MyModel.create!(:ip => '127.0.0.1', :description => 'string')
  end
end

$ rails s

go to
http://localhost:3000/writer/write_records

$ rails c

MyModel.all

  MyModel Load (0.2ms) SELECT "my_models".* FROM "my_models"
=> [#<MyModel id: 1, ip: "127.0.0.1", description: "request",
created_at: "2011-08-30 09:42:09", updated_at: "2011-08-30 09:42:09">,
#<MyModel id: 2, ip: "127.0.0.1", description: "string", created_at:
"2011-08-30 09:42:09", updated_at: "2011-08-30 09:42:09">]

MyModel.where(:ip => '127.0.0.1').all

  MyModel Load (0.2ms) SELECT "my_models".* FROM "my_models" WHERE
"my_models"."ip" = '127.0.0.1'
=> [#<MyModel id: 2, ip: "127.0.0.1", description: "string",
created_at: "2011-08-30 09:42:09", updated_at: "2011-08-30 09:42:09">]

MyModel.first.ip == '127.0.0.1'

  MyModel Load (0.2ms) SELECT "my_models".* FROM "my_models" LIMIT 1
=> true

In the database for the first ip i have: X'3132372E302E302E31'

Thanks a lot Alexey, very helpful!

I've opened a bug but I'm not sure if it is rails or sqlite3 related:

https://github.com/rails/rails/issues/2743
so I also opened it in sqlite3:
https://github.com/luislavena/sqlite3-ruby/issues/48

Alexey Muranov wrote in post #1019158:

7stud -- wrote in post #1019114:

inspect returns:

ruby-1.9.2-p180 :009 > DocType.all.map {|d| d.name.inspect}
  DocType Load (1.4ms) SELECT "doc_types".* FROM "doc_types"
=> ["\"127.0.0.1\"", "\"127.0.0.1\""]

The output shows that the string is actually "127.0.0.1"--not 127.0.0.1.

I disagree,

Okay, I agree with your disagree. I have no idea what this means,
though:

this output shows only that the `inspect` of the string is
(unquoted) "127.0.0.1", but the string itself is (unquoted) 127.0.0.1.
So this does not clarify the issue.

Alexey.

strings = [
  "abc",
  %q("abc")
]

results = strings.map do |str|
  str.inspect
end

p results

results.each do |str|
  puts str
end

--output:--
["\"abc\"", "\"\\\"abc\\\"\""]
"abc"
"\"abc\""

The second element in the array is hard to interpret: if you strip away
what inspect added to the first string, you get:

\\\"abc\\\"

I guess \\ is a literal slash and \' is an escaped quote.