:url, :update, :text, :action? what are these?

what are these called? are they objects? or methods? I cant seem to find the right word on how to search more of these things..and then I can find maybe a cheat sheet so that I could familiarize more of those thigs above.. TY for the replies.

Well, without any context (like an example of their use that's confounding you) it's hard to be exact, but, they are symbols, and they're often used as keys in hashes.

Michael Pavling wrote in post #992259: